Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Determinants factors to Pap smear screening among married women in a city of South Iran: applying the BASNEF model

(2020) Determinants factors to Pap smear screening among married women in a city of South Iran: applying the BASNEF model. BMC Womens Health.

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Official URL: https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/articles...

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is known to be preventable because of the long pre-invasion period and the availability of appropriate screening methods. Pap smear is a selective screening approach, which is not taken seriously enough by many women. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study was performed using electronic health records of 202 women visiting the health centers chosen through the systematic sampling method. The data collection tool contained items on demographic information, awareness regarding cervical cancer, and the beliefs, attitudes, subjective norms, and enabling factors (BASNEF) model constructs. Data were analyzed using the linear regression analysis, logistic regression, and multivariate regression analysis with backward selection in SPSS, version 18. RESULTS: Based on the results, more than half of the women had never had a Pap smear test. Of the 202 women, only 14.8 had repeated the Pap smear test at the standard interval. Attitudes and subjective norms predicted the intention to have a Pap smear test among the eligible women. Overall, 10 of the changes in behavioral intention were explained by attitudes and subjective norms. In the BASNEF model, the behavioral intention was one of the most important factors that affected compliance with the Pap smear test among the eligible women. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, it is possible to improve screening behaviors among women through proper planning to increase awareness and improve attitudes, subjective norms, enabling factors, and behavioral intention. Pap smear plays an important role in controlling cervical cancer.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: BASNEF model Cervical cancer Iran Pap smear Women
Subjects: WP Gynecology and Obstetrics > WP 400-480 Uterus. Cervix
health Education
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7266

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