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Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

The association between low birth weight and mothers diseases in Iran: A case-control study

(2020) The association between low birth weight and mothers diseases in Iran: A case-control study. Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neonates are too vulnerable that low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth can easily threaten their lives. Demographic, social and environmental factors as well as health care are contributing factors for LBW. The study was conducted in 10 provinces of Iran to investigate the association between LBW and mother's diseases. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in 10 provinces of Iran on 2580 mothers (712 cases and 1868 controls) referred to public health care centers. We used a questionnaire to collect data. For univariate analysis we used chi-square test and for multivariable analysis we used logistic regression model. RESULTS: LBW was significantly associated with living in rural area (OR = 1.4 CI: 1.14-1.71), having body mass index (BMI)<18 (OR = 1.48 CI: 1.14-1.92), being a housewife (OR = 1.65 CI: 1.07-2.53), having high blood pressure (OR = 1.91 CI: 1.26-2.88), and having pregnancy without testing for diabetes (OR = 1.91 CI: 1.44-2.54). Minor thalassemia, hypothyroidism, oral health care and headache were not significant predictors for LBW. CONCLUSION: In this study, we observed that place of residence, BMI before pregnancy, mother's occupation and gestational diabetes were significant predictors of LBW. It is necessary to improve women's awareness about prenatal health care before pregnancy to avoid LBW. © 2019-IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: adult; Article; body mass; case control study; controlled study; female; headache; heart disease; housewife; human; hypertension; hypothyroidism; Iran; kidney disease; low birth weight; major clinical study; maternal disease; obesity; pregnancy; priority journal; rural area; thalassemia minor; tooth pain
Subjects: WS Pediatrics > WS 405-460 By Age Groups
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6908

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