Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Beam penumbra reduction of Gamma Knife machine model 4C using Monte Carlo simulation

(2020) Beam penumbra reduction of Gamma Knife machine model 4C using Monte Carlo simulation. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine.

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Abstract

Background and objective: In small radiation fields used in stereotactic radiosurgery penumbra is an important portion of the field size especially when critical organs at risk are located near the treatment sites. This study was aimed to reduce penumbra width (90–50 isodose lines) of Gamma Knife (GK) machine by investigating of source to diaphragm distance (SDD) and designing compensating filter. Methods: Compensating filters at the end of the helmet collimators with the aim of reducing penumbra as well as reducing hot spots appeared near the edge of beam were modeled using Monte Carlo simulation code. Moreover, the SDD parameter was increased as one of the effective factors on penumbra width. Results: Results showed that single beam penumbra width using optimal design of filters was decreased by 59.49, 42.50, 39.02 and 34.44 with attenuation of 30.53, 13.67, 11.43 and 9.82 for 4, 8, 14 and 18 mm field sizes, respectively. Conclusions: The designed filters lead to considerable reductions in single beams penumbra width as well as a noticeable reduction in maximum dose emerged near the beam edge due to the curved lateral surface of filters. © 2019

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: Intelligent systems, Compensating filter; Critical organs; Gamma knife; Lateral surface; Machine modeling; Physical penumbra width; Radiation field; Stereotactic radiosurgery, Monte Carlo methods, lead; tungsten, Article; attenuation; beam penumbra; equipment design; filter design; geometry
Subjects: WN Radiology. Diagnostic Imaging > WN 250-250.6 Radiotherapy
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6815

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