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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Acetylation and insulin resistance: a focus on metabolic and mitogenic cascades of insulin signaling.

(2020) Acetylation and insulin resistance: a focus on metabolic and mitogenic cascades of insulin signaling. Critical reviews in clinical laboratory sciences.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31894999

Abstract

Insulin resistance is associated with an increased risk of several metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Advances over the last decade have expanded our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying insulin resistance; however, many details of the mechanisms causing insulin resistance remain unknown. Recently, attention has shifted toward the role of epigenetics in insulin resistance. In this regard, acetylation of the histone tails has been widely investigated for its role in influencing both metabolic and mitogenic cascades of insulin signaling. More specifically, histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases, as major modulators of chromatin accessibility and gene expression, have been studied to determine a possible interconnectivity between the special effects of lysine acetylation status and tyrosine phosphorylation networks on the target proteins of downstream pathways involved in both metabolic and mitogenic cascades of insulin signaling. There is accumulating evidence for the post-translational modification effects of IGFR, InsR, IRS1/2, PI3K, Akt, GLUT4, FoxO, PGC-1α, PPAR, AMPK and MAPKs on insulin resistance and glucose homeostasis. In this paper, we review the importance of acetylation of these factors in the regulation of insulin signaling and glucose metabolism, with a primary focus on the target proteins of downstream signaling of insulin. We also provide an update on the interplay between epigenetic modification and the cellular genome in the context of insulin signaling and describe the possible effect of the environment on this epigenetic regulation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Epigenetics,acetylation,environment,insulin resistance,metabolic cascade,mitogenic cascade
Subjects: QU Biochemistry. Cell Biology and Genetics > QU 300-560 Cell Biology and Genetics
endocrine
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6800

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