Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Socioeconomic gradient in physical activity: Findings from the PERSIAN cohort study

(2019) Socioeconomic gradient in physical activity: Findings from the PERSIAN cohort study. BMC Public Health.

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Background: The level of socioeconomic-related inequality in physical activity in Iran is largely unknown. This study investigates socioeconomic-related inequality in poor-physical activity (PPA) among Iranian adults. Methods: A total of 129,257 adult participants enrolled in the PERSIAN (Prospective Epidemiological Research Studies in IrAN) Cohort were included in this study. Physical activity of adults was measured using metabolic equivalent rates (METs). Physical activity less than 41 METs/hour/day was considered PPA. The Concentration index (C) was used to quantify socioeconomic-related inequality in PPA. Moreover, the C was decomposed to identify the relative contribution of explanatory variables to inequality in PPA. Results: There were significant regional variations in physical activity level among Iranian adults (29.8-76.5). The positive value of C (0.098, 95 CI = 0.092 to 0.104) suggested that the higher concentration of PPA among higher socioeconomic status (SES) adults in Iran which was consistently observed in all cohort sites. Conclusions: The higher prevalence of PPA among Iranian adults, especially, women and older adults, warrant further public health attention. Since PPA is concentrated more among the high-SES population in Iran, strategies for the promotion of physical activity should focus more on economically well-off population. © 2019 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: adult; aged; article; attention; cohort analysis; controlled study; decomposition; explanatory variable; female; human; human experiment; Iran; Iranian people; major clinical study; metabolic equivalent; physical activity; physical examination; prevalence; prospective study; public health; social status
Subjects: History of Medicine. Medical Miscellany > WZ 305-350 Miscellany Relating to Medicine
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Molecular Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور

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