Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Investigation on the relationship between the lifestyle of pregnant women and the birth of premature infants and related risk factors: A case-control study

(2019) Investigation on the relationship between the lifestyle of pregnant women and the birth of premature infants and related risk factors: A case-control study. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology.

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: One of the causes of neonatal death and death in children under the age of five is premature birth of infants. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with preterm infant birth in pregnant women. Methods: This is a case-control study on mothers referring to comprehensive health centers in the provinces of the country. Descriptive analysis of variables was reported as percentage and frequency. In data analysis, logistic regression analysis was used at a significant level less than 0.05. Results: In this study, 2463 pregnant women (668 cases as cases and 1795 as controls) were examined. There was a significant relationship between the place of residence (OR=0.702, P=0.002), level of maternal education (OR=1.920, P=0.027), degree of twin (OR=4.953, P=0.001), interval between pregnancies (OR=1.821, P=0.009), specific disease (OR=1.694, P=0.010), nutritional status of the mother (OR=1.420, P=0.024), physical activity (OR=1.591, P=0.001), Sleep patterns (OR=0.634, P=0.008) and history of stillbirth (OR=0.247, P=0.001) associated with the birth of premature infants. Conclusion: Preterm infant birth is one of the main causes of neonatal death. Therefore, some of the birth defects of the premature baby can be prevented. It is possible to reduce the risk factors for the birth of a premature baby by improving the quality of pregnancy care and changing the lifestyle of the pregnant mother, and by raising awareness and creating a healthy and safe environment for the mother. © 2019, Iranian Epidemiological Association. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: Article; birth; case control study; controlled study; educational status; female; human; lifestyle; major clinical study; nutritional status; physical activity; pregnant woman; prematurity; residential care; risk factor; stillbirth
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 300-395 Health Issues of Special Population Groups
WQ Obstetrics > WQ 200-212 Reproduction. Pregnancy
WS Pediatrics > WS 200-342 Diseases of Children and Adolescents
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6701

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