Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

The effect of exercise on GABA signaling pathway in the model of chemically induced seizures.

(2019) The effect of exercise on GABA signaling pathway in the model of chemically induced seizures. Life Sci.

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AIMS: Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) imbalance plays a critical role in most neurological disorders including epilepsy. This study assessed the involvement of mild exercise on GABA imbalance following by seizure induction in rats. MAIN METHODS: Seizure was induced by pentylentetrazole (PTZ) injection. Animals were divided into sham, seizure, exercise (EX), co-seizure-induced exercise (Co-SI EX) and Pre-SI EX groups. In the Co-SI EX group, doing exercise and seizure induction was carried out during four weeks. Animals in the Pre-SI EX group exercised in week 1 to week 8 and seizures were induced in week 5 to week 8. Seizure properties, neural viability and expressions of glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) and GABAA receptor α1 in the hippocampus were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Seizure severity reduced and latency increased in the Co-SI EX and Pre-SI EX groups compared to seizure group. The mean number of dark neurons decreased in all exercise groups compared to seizure group in both CA1 and CA3 areas. The gene level of GAD65 and GABAA receptor α1 was highly expressed in the Co-SI EX group in the hippocampal area. Distribution of GAD65 in the both CA1 and CA3 areas increased in the EX and Co-SI EX groups. GABAA receptor α1 was up-regulated in the CA3 area of Co-SI EX group and down-regulated in the CA1 and CA3 areas of Pre-SI EX group. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that exercise develop anti-epileptic as well as neuroprotective effects by modulating of GABA disinhibition. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Brain; Epilepsy; Exercise; GABA; Hippocampus; Seizure
Subjects: QT Physiology > QT104-172 Human Physiology
QT Physiology > QT250-275 Leisure Activities. Sports. Sports Medicine
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور

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