Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

An overview of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

(2019) An overview of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences.

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Background: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is a common enteric pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of gastrointestinal infections, particularly in developing countries. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of DEC in various geographical regions in Iran. Materials and Methods: English (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) and Persian (IranMedex, SID, Magiran, and Iran Doc) databases were comprehensively searched from January 1990 to April 2017. Study selection and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. After assessing heterogeneity among studies, a random effects model was applied to estimate pooled prevalence. Data analyses were done with the Stata software (version 12.0). This meta-analysis was registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42017070411. Results: A total of 73 studies with 18068 isolates were eligible for inclusion within the meta-analysis. The results of random effects model showed that the most prevalent DEC pathotypes were enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) (16%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 11%-23%), enteroaggregative E. coli (11%; 95% CI: 8%-15%), atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) (11%; 95% CI: 8%-14%), Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (9%; 95% CI: 6%-13%), diffuse adherent E. coli (6%; 95% CI: 6%-12%), enteroinvasive E. coli (4%; 95% CI: 2%-6%), and typical EPEC (3%; 95% CI: 1%-5%). Conclusion: This study showed that DEC infections in the Iranian population have low frequency. Our data suggest that the ETEC pathotype can be regarded as one of the most important etiological agents of diarrhea in this country. However, the prevalence of DEC pathotypes is diverse in different regions of Iran.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Diarrhea Escherichia coli Iran meta-analysis systematic review
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 900-950 Statistics. Surveys
WI Digestive System > WI 190-260 Gastrointestinal Tract
WI Digestive System > WI 400-575 Intestines
WS Pediatrics > WS 200-342 Diseases of Children and Adolescents
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور

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