Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

In vitro osteogenic differentiation potential of the human induced pluripotent stem cells augments when grown on Graphene oxide-modified nanofibers

(2019) In vitro osteogenic differentiation potential of the human induced pluripotent stem cells augments when grown on Graphene oxide-modified nanofibers. Gene.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

Abstract

Due to the several limitations that surgeons are faced during bone tissue implantation there are daily increases in introducing new cell-co-polymer composites for use in bone tissue engineering approaches. In this study tried to develop a suitable nanostructured bio-composite for enhancing osteogenic differentiation of the human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Polyvinylidene fluoride-Graphene oxide (PVDF-GO) nanofibers was fabricated by electrospinning and then characterized using scanning electron microscope, tensile and viability assays. After that osteogenic differentiation of the iPSCs was investigated in three groups, including PVDF, PVDF-GO and tissue culture plate as a control group. Alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium content of the iPSCs cultured on PVDF-GO were significantly higher than those cultured on other groups. In addition, Runx2, osteocalcin and osteonectin genes were up regulated in iPSCs cultured on PVDF-GO significantly higher than those cells cultured on PVDF and control. Finally, osteocalcin and osteopontin proteins expression evaluated and the results confirmed higher osteoinductivity of the PVDF-GO nanofibers in comparison with the PVDF nanofibers. According to the results, it was demonstrated that PVDF-GO nanofibers have a great osteoinductive potential and taking together iPSCs-PVDF-GO nanofibrous construct can be an appropriate bio-implant to use for bone tissue engineering applications.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Poly (vinylidene fluoride) Graphene oxide Induced pluripotent stem cells Osteogenesis Nanofibers
Subjects: QU Biochemistry. Cell Biology and Genetics > QU 300-560 Cell Biology and Genetics
QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 501-949 Immunology
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6241

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