Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Prediction of taxi drivers' safe-driving behaviors based on the theory of planned behavior: The role of habit.

(2018) Prediction of taxi drivers' safe-driving behaviors based on the theory of planned behavior: The role of habit. J Educ Health Promot.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30596111

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Safe-driving behaviors of taxi drivers are fundamental to health. The present research aimed to predict the taxi drivers' safe-driving behaviors based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and habit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present research is of a descriptive/analytical cross-sectional type conducted on 184 taxi drivers in Bandar Abbas who were selected through a multiple-stratified sampling method. Data collection instrument was a questionnaire comprised of two sections (demographic information and the constructs of TPB. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The data were later on analyzed via SPSS ver 19 and Pearson's correlation coefficient as well as multiple regressions. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 45.1 (standard deviation [SD = 11.1) years, and they had an average experience of taxi driving for 10.3 years (SD = 7.5). Subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and habits were the predictors of one's intention of driving safely (r 2= 0.30, F = 18.7, P < 0.001). Moreover, attitude, perceived behavioral control, and habits were found to be the predictors of safe-driving behaviors (r 2= 0.19, F = 8.1, P < 0.001). Finally, habits showed to be a stronger predictor of safe-driving behaviors than attitude and perceived behavioral control. CONCLUSION: Consideration of individuals' behavioral habits and correction of unsafe habits, focus on the adverse effects of unsafe-driving behaviors, goal setting to change incorrect driving habits, attention to influential groups in altering unsafe-driving behaviors, and careful monitoring of abiding by the rules are suggested to promote safe-driving behaviors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Drivers; safety; taxi; theory of planned behavior
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 400-495 Occupational Medicine, Health, and Hygiene
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6165

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