Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Factors Involved in the Mortality of Infants under the Age of One Year in Bandar Abbas-Iran: A Document-Based Study

(2018) Factors Involved in the Mortality of Infants under the Age of One Year in Bandar Abbas-Iran: A Document-Based Study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS-MASHHAD.

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Abstract

Background The first year of life is of a great significance in promoting health and the quality of life. The present research aimed to determine the factors affecting the mortality of infants below the age of one year in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Materials and Methods The present retrospective research was conducted based on a questionnaire developed by the present researchers as well as the analysis of documents along with a phone interview. The data collection method was to review the files in the medical records of Bandar Abbas Children's Hospital in 2017. In case it was needed, visits were paid to the houses of the 342 infant participants who were under one year of age. The data entered SPSS 16.0 software. Results According to the present results, from 342 case (148 cases occurred in 2016 and 194 cases in 2015), 223 subjects (65.2%) had died during infancy and 119 subjects (34.8%) died between one month to one year of age. The highest frequency of death occurred within the first 7 days. The most important cause of infant death was sepsis and the primary cause of one month to one year children was preterm birth. Data analysis in the present study showed statistically significant relationship between the following variables and infant mortality: birth weight (p<.001), type of delivery (p=0.045), type of infant nutrition (p<0.001), and type of birth (p=0.002) Conclusion The most important cause of infant death was sepsis and the primary cause of one month to one year children was preterm birth. Special attention to infancy particularly preterm infants, advertise natural delivery, and early diagnosis of congenital anomalies, can help to cut down on the rate of infant mortality.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Affective factors; Infant; Iran; Mortality
Subjects: WS Pediatrics > WS 200-342 Diseases of Children and Adolescents
WS Pediatrics > WS 405-460 By Age Groups
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5754

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