Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Effect of magnesium sulfate administration to improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes animal model: Using the hyperinsulinemic‐euglycemic clamp technique

(2018) Effect of magnesium sulfate administration to improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes animal model: Using the hyperinsulinemic‐euglycemic clamp technique. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology.

[img] Text
fcp.12387 - Published Version

Download (794B)

Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/fc...

Abstract

This study attempted to elucidate the possible mechanism of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) administration on reducing insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats. Fifty wistar rats were divided into five groups: NDC was fed the normal diet, CD received high‐fat diet with 35 mg/kg of streptozotocin, CD‐Mg animals received MgSO4 via drinking water, CD‐Ins1, and CD‐Ins2 animals treated with low or high dose of insulin. Body weight and blood glucose levels were measured weekly. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT), insulin tolerance test (ITT) and metabolic cage assessment were performed monthly. After 12 weeks, the hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp was done for all animals and blood sample was taken to measure glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), plasma insulin, glucagon, calcium, and magnesium levels. Liver and gastrocnemius muscle were isolated to measure glucagon receptor (GR), Glucose 6 phosphatase (G6Pase), Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (Pepck) and Glucose transporter 4 (Glut4) genes expression and GLUT4 protein translocation into the cell membrane. Consuming of high‐fat diet generated insulin resistant rats. Magnesium or insulin therapy altered insulin resistance, blood glucose, IPGTT, gluconeogenesis pathway, GR, body weight, the percentage of body fat and HbA1C in diabetic rats. Administrations of MgSO4 or insulin in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) animals increase GLUT4 gene and protein expression. Mg could improve glucose tolerance via stimulation of Glut4 gene expression and translocation and also suppression of the gluconeogenesis pathway and GR gene expression. Mg also increased glucose infusion rate and displayed beneficial effects in the treatment of glucose metabolism and improved insulin resistance.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Diabetes; Glucagon receptor; Gluconeogenesis; Hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp; Insulin resistance; Magnesium
Subjects: QT Physiology > QT104-172 Human Physiology
WT Geriatrics. Chronic Disease > WT 500 Chronic Disease
endocrine
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات غدد و متابولیسم
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5612

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item