Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Prediction of seat belt use among iranian automobile drivers: Application of the theory of planned behavior and the health belief model

(2011) Prediction of seat belt use among iranian automobile drivers: Application of the theory of planned behavior and the health belief model. Traffic Injury Prevention.

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Abstract

Objective: Seat belt use plays an important role in traffic safety by reducing the severity of injuries and fatality rates during vehicle accidents. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors of self-reported seat belt use in a sample of automobile drivers in Bandar Abbas, Iran. The theory of planed behavior and the health belief model served as the conceptual framework for the study. Methods: The convenience sample consisted of 284 eligible automobile drivers who frequented 8 petrol stations in different geographical areas of the city. Of the drivers approached to participate in the study, 21 declined to take part in the study and 12 other questionnaires were incomplete. Thus, a total of 251 questionnaires were analyzed (response rate = 88.4). A self-administered questionnaire including demographic characteristics and items arising from the theory of planed behavior and health belief model constructs were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16 (version 16, Chicago, IL, USA). Results: The subjects' mean age was 31.6 years (SD = 8.7), mostly male (72.9), and 53.4 percent of them reported that they used their seat belt "often." Multiple regression analyses revealed that from the theory of planed behavior, attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control significantly predicted intention to use a seat belt (R2 = 0.38, F = 51.1, p <.001); and subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention significantly predicted seat belt use R2 = 0.43, F = 45.7, p <.001). Arising from the health belief model, perceived benefits and perceived barriers significantly predicted seat belt use (R2 = 0.39, F = 26.2, p <.001). This study revealed that automobile drivers who perceived more subjective norms, more behavioral control, greater intention to use seat belts as well as more benefits and fewer barriers were more likely to use their seat belts. © 2011 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 9
Keywords: adult; article; attitude to health; behavior; car driving; female; human; Iran; male; psychological theory; questionnaire; seatbelt; statistics; utilization review, Adult; Attitude to Health; Automobile Driving; Female; Humans; Intention; Iran; Male; Psychological Theory; Questionnaires; Seat Belts
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 400-495 Occupational Medicine, Health, and Hygiene
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5402

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