Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Effects of hypo- and hyperthyroid states on herpes simplex virus infectivity in the rat

(2014) Effects of hypo- and hyperthyroid states on herpes simplex virus infectivity in the rat. Endocrine Research.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/0743580...

Abstract

Abstract Objective: Available data from in vitro studies show that thyroid hormones (THs) regulate herpes simplex virus (HSV) gene expression and may modulate latency/reactivation of the virus. Whether infectivity of the virus is also affected by THs is not known. Using animal models (in vivo study) and Vero cell culture (in vitro study), we examined the effects of alterations in THs level on HSV-1 infectivity. Methods: Rats were rendered hypo- and hyperthyroid by daily addition of methimazole and l-thyroxine into their drinking water, respectively. Euthyroid animals served as control. All animals were given a single dose of HSV-1 (107TCID50, ip) and sacrificed 3 d later. The spleen of the animals was then removed and viral particles were recovered from the tissue extract through aseptic procedures. Serial dilution of the extracts was prepared and added to Vero cell culture. For the in vitro study, the cultures were pretreated with l-thyroxine and the viral particles were then added. Virus titration was determined by Reed–Muench quantal assay. Results: The viral load of spleen in hyperthyroid rats was significantly lower (1000-fold) than that of the euthyroid rats. Similarly, in vitro presence of supraphysiologic levels of l-thyroxine in the culture media of Vero cells decreased virus infectivity. Interestingly, hypothyroid animals showed a significant increase (10-fold) in spleen viral load as compared to that of their euthyroid counterparts. Conclusions: These data clearly show that the HSV-1 infectivity is affected by THs, and suggest that THs or their analogs may have a potential application in prevention and/or treatment of viral infections.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Herpes simplex; rat; thyroid hormones; viral infection THYROID-HORMONE ACTION; INTERFERON-GAMMA; ALPHA-V-BETA-3 INTEGRIN; ANTIVIRAL ACTION; GENE-EXPRESSION; NEURONAL CELLS; PROTEIN-KINASE; LIPID RAFTS; ENTRY; POTENTIATION
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > WC 500-590 Virus Diseases
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5074

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