Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

A Review on Bipolar Depressive Disorder

(2016) A Review on Bipolar Depressive Disorder. RESEARCH JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL SCIENCES.

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Abstract

Abstract Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a kind of mood disorder and a mental illness, and people affected by it experience great shifts in mood. Bipolar disorder type 1 includes manic episodes while bipolar disorder type 2 is accompanied by hypomania. Manic episodes are the characteristic used to diagnose bipolar disorder, which is classified by considering the severity of these episodes. Patients may experience sudden shift of mood from extreme happiness to extreme sadness, and there is no relationship between their mood what is actually happening in their lives. The manic episode may be of various severities: from mild mania (hypomania) to full-fledged mania with symptoms of insanity such as delusions and catatonia. In manic episodes, patients face reduced, need less sleep, suffer from grandiose delusions, may have impaired judgment, become unusually spendthrift, or engage in unusual behavior. Hypomanic episodes have the same symptoms as manic episodes but here the symptoms are less severe and there are no symptoms of insanity or grandiose delusions. Many of the patients in the hypomanic episodes are more active than usual, while patients in the manic episodes face difficulties in performing their activities due to their reduced concentration. Creativity increases in some patients in hypomanic episodes, and many of them exhibit signs of hypersexuality. Hypomanic episodes are a characteristic of bipolar disorder type 2 and of cyclical mood disorder, but may also appear in schizoaffective disorder. Hypomanic episodes are also characteristic of bipolar disorder type 1, and occur when the patient's mood fluctuates between normal and manic states. No definitive cause has been identified for bipolar disorder yet, but researchers believe it has a hereditary origin and that the genetic makeup of people is more influential than their upbringing in its development. The cause of the disorder may be physical problems in the part of the brain responsible for controlling the mental state. This study was conducted to review bipolar disorder's etiology, symptoms and treatments and to review few literatures.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Bipolar Disorder; Manic Depression; Review article SEASONAL DEPRESSION; POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION; NONSEASONAL DEPRESSION; DOUBLE-BLIND; MAINTENANCE TREATMENT; MAJOR DEPRESSION; CONTROLLED-TRIAL; LIGHT TREATMENT; DRUG TREATMENTS; MANIC SYMPTOMS
Subjects: WM Psychiatry > WM 140-197 Mental Disorders. Behavioral Symptoms
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5041

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