Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Application of the theory of reasoned action to promoting breakfast consumption

(2015) Application of the theory of reasoned action to promoting breakfast consumption. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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BACKGROUND Breakfast is the most important daily meal, but neglected more than other meals by children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention, based on the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) to increase breakfast consumption among school children in Bandar Abbas, Iran. METHODS In this quasi experimental study which was conducted in 2012, 88 students of four secondary schools in Bandar Abbas, south of Iran, were enrolled. Multi-stage cluster sampling was performed with random allocation of interventional and control groups. The study tool was a questionnaire which was filled by the students before and two months after the educational intervention. For data analysis, statistical tests including paired-samples t-test, independent samples t-test, Wilcoxon test, and Mann-Whitney test were used through SPSS v.18 software. RESULTS The result of the study showed that application of TRA significantly increased scores of behavior of breakfast consumption (p<0.01). After the intervention, a significant increase was revealed in all nutrition intakes, except for fat and sugar (p<0.01). CONCLUSION The findings support application of the TRA in improving the intention and behavior of breakfast consumption. Applying this theory for designing interventions to increase breakfast eating is recommended.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Breakfast,Students,Theory of Reasoned Action
Subjects: History of Medicine. Medical Miscellany > WZ 305-350 Miscellany Relating to Medicine
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور

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