Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

The effect of an instructional program based on health belief model in decreasing cesarean rate among primiparous pregnant mothers

(2016) The effect of an instructional program based on health belief model in decreasing cesarean rate among primiparous pregnant mothers. Journal of education and health promotion.

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article.asp_issn=2277-9531;year=2016;volume=5;issue=1;spage=1;epage=1;aulast=Hassani;type=2

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC49592...

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Although cesarean section has saved many mothers' and infants' lives, the problem is in its increasing prevalence. According to recent statistics, the current rate of cesarean in Iran is in fact 3-4 times as more than the standard rate defined by WHO. Therefore, the present study is aimed to estimate the effect of an instructional program based on health belief model on reducing cesarean rate among primiparous pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this semi-experimental research, 60 primiparous women who had visited Bandar Abbas Healthcare Centers were selected as the subjects. They were in their 26-30(th) week of pregnancy. They were selected in a multi-stage cluster sampling method (a combination of clustering and simple randomization), and were divided into two groups, subjects and control group. The data were gathered using a valid and reliable questionnaire. The instructional intervention was done after the completion of the pretest questionnaire based on the sub-constructs of the health belief model in six instructional sessions. 1 month after the intervention, posttest questionnaires were completed by the subjects in both groups. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, standard deviation, independent t-test, and paired t-test. The significance level was set at <0.05. RESULTS Two groups had a significant difference between awareness score, perceived sensitivity, intensity, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, and the performance (P < 0.001). In the experimental group, nine subjects (30%) had a natural delivery. CONCLUSION According to the findings of the current research, an instructional program illuminated (designed) by the health belief model can significantly influence pregnant women's awareness, intention, and choice of delivery type.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Health belief model,instruction,performance,pregnant women
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 108-245 Preventive Medicine
WQ Obstetrics > WQ 400-450 Obstetric Surgical Procedures
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4709

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