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Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

The Health Literacy of Pregnant Women in Bandar Abbas, Iran

(2017) The Health Literacy of Pregnant Women in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Scientific Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research.

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Health literacy implies the achievement, processing and perception of fundamental information and services required for making appropriate health-related decisions. Due to the high significance of health literacy during pregnancy and its direct effect on fetus, the present research was conducted to investigate the health literacy of pregnant women visiting medical centers in Bandar Abbas, Iran in 2015. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study conducted on 250 pregnant women visiting the healthcare centers in Bandar Abbas, Iran selected by mixed sampling (both clustering and simple random). The data were collected using an adult health literacy questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 16, the statistical tests being independent-sample t-test, ANOVA, Tukey test and linear regression. Results: The average age of the pregnant women was 31.61±7.45 years. The proportions of the women with an adequate, borderline and inadequate level of literacy were 52%, 20.8% and 27.2%, respectively. A statistically significant association was found between health literacy and education (p<0.001), age (p<0.001), occupation (p<0.001) and the quality of healthcare provision during pregnancy (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results reveal that the mothers’ health literacy is inadequate or at borderline. Based on these results the following are recommended in an attempt to promote health literacy of pregnant women: 1. revising/simplifying teaching materials, including both oral and pictorial, in addition to written materials in the form of posters, pamphlets and brochures; 2. promoting communication skills of health workers/mothers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: : Health Literacy, Pregnant Women, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 400-495 Occupational Medicine, Health, and Hygiene
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Fertility and Infertility Research Center
Depositing User: مركز تحقيقات بهداشت باروري و ناباروري
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4622

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