Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Awareness and Attitude of Bandar Abbas Residents Towards Organ Donation

(2014) Awareness and Attitude of Bandar Abbas Residents Towards Organ Donation. Iranian Journal of Health Education & Promotion.

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Abstract

Background and objective: Organ donation has been considered as a recent method of supplanting patients’ organs or in the case of advanced disability. A key obsession in transplantation is the shortage of organs for transplanting. Depending on the type of disease, about 10-25% of patients in need of transplantation die on the waiting list. The present research was conducted to delve into the awareness and attitude of Bandar Abbas residents towards organ transplantation. Methods: In this descriptive-analytic research, 900 subjects from Bandar Abbas (487 men along with 413 women) all above 20 years of age participated. Sampling was done in multiple stages. The data gathering instrument was a questionnaire devised by the researcher, the reliability and validity of which were previously tested by the field scholars. The collected data were later analyzed by SPSS16. Descriptive tests, ANOVA and Chi-squared test were used to analyze the data. The significance level was set at p<0.05. Results: The mean score of awareness of participants in the present study was 42.26%. Television was the most influential medium to raise people’s awareness. 260 (28.9%) participants were opposed to organ donation. 52.30% stated revival as their reason for opposition. A significant correlation was found between attitude and age (p=0.016), education (p=0.022) and economic status (p=0.005). A further significant correlation was found between awareness and education (p<.001), economic status (p<0.001). Conclusion: According to the findings obtained from this study, authorities’ planning for raising public awareness of organ transplantation through mass media and healthcare organizations and changing their attitude with this regard can effectively increase the number of donations. Paper Type: Research Article.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Organ donation, Bandar Abbas.
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 525-590 Health Administration and Organization
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Fertility and Infertility Research Center
Depositing User: مركز تحقيقات بهداشت باروري و ناباروري
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4557

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