Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Investigating the prevalence and causes of events leading to falls among the elderly hospitalized in Bandar Abbas hospitals

(2015) Investigating the prevalence and causes of events leading to falls among the elderly hospitalized in Bandar Abbas hospitals. J Educ Health Promot..

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC43558...

Abstract

Abstract Background and Purpose of Study: Statistical indices show a growing increase in the elderly population around the world and our country. On the one hand, senior citizens are more exposed to tragic events than other age groups due to natural physiological changes. Falling down, accidents and scalds are among the most prevalent deadly events in this age group. Environmental security is vital in maintaining the elderly's health. Therefore, the present research was conducted seeking to determine the prevalence and causes of falls among the elderly hospitalized in Bandar Abbas hospitals. Methods and Materials: The present research is of a descriptive, cross-sectional type. Research population is comprised of all the elderly patients in Bandar Abbas hospitals. The sample included 300 individuals who were selected according to convenience sampling method till the sample was saturated. The instrument used was a questionnaire and the data were also gathered through interviews. The collected data were later analyzed by SPSS version 16. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) were used along with the Chi-squared test. The significance level was set at P < 0.05. Results: From among the 300 subjects, 47.3% had experienced falls since the age of 60. In 22 of cases, it had led to injury and they were obliged to visit a doctor. The results of this research revealed that the causes of falls among the elderly were respectively: 43.33% of unbalance, 12.3% of poor eyesight, 11.66% of non-existing handles or fences, 12% of slippery ground, 2.66% of insufficient lightning, 8.66% of unbalance and poor eyesight and 9.33% of other reasons. As the results revealed, a correlation existed between falls and educational level (P < 0.025). Moreover, a significant correlation was found between sex and falls (P < 0.011). A similar significant correlation was also observed between the place of residence and falling down (P < 0.045). Conclusion: According to the research results, planning to prevent events and traumas among the elderly and securing their residential environment is of an essential significance.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Keywords: Bandar Abbas, elderly, events, prevalence
Subjects: WY Nursing > WY 150-170 Nursing in Special Fields of Medicine
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: مركز تحقيقات بهداشت باروري و ناباروري
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4524

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