Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Hypertension and its associated factors: A review article

(2015) Hypertension and its associated factors: A review article. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences.


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High blood pressure is one of the first ten risk factors for health all over the world. It has accounted for 7 million mortalities per year. According to the report of WHO and its estimations, about 3.1 percent of the population in each country is afflicted with high blood pressure. It is predicted that in 2025, over 1.5 billion of people get afflicted with high blood pressure globally. These statistics remind us of the danger of the high prevalence of this disease in future. High blood pressure has no particular symptom in the majority of cases and for this reason many people suffer from this problem form years without even knowing. If not treated, high blood pressure can damage arteries and body organs. Blood pressure regulation is done in body through heart, kidneys and veins. Besides nutritional diets especially consumption of salt, such hormones as renin, angiotensin II, adrenaline and aldosterone do also affect it. High blood pressure is scarce among infants and has afflicted about .2 to 3 percent of them overall. Several factors are recognized as influencing high blood pressure during infancy including age of pregnancy and infant's weight upon birth. Among children and teenagers, high blood pressure is very prevalent (2 to 9 percent depending on age, sex and ethnicity) and is correlated with long-term risks of the disease. It is recommended that children above 3 years of age be regularly examined for their blood pressure. High blood pressure is not diagnosed unless one suffers from chronic blood pressure. If it is measured to be higher than 90/140 mmHg through two measurements within one week, its diagnosis is proved. The primary assessment of patients suffering from high blood pressure includes an investigation of patient's complete description as well as a clinical test. Alcohol consumption, stress, diseases and specific features of some chronic conditions do also raise the risk of high blood pressure, for instance high cholesterol, diabetes, kidney problem and sometimes pregnancy can lead to high blood pressure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Keywords: antihypertensive agent, adverse outcome; age; blood pressure regulation; disease association; exercise; familial disease; human; hypertension; lifestyle modification; race; Review; risk factor; smoking cessation; symptom
Subjects: Cardiovascular System > WG 500-700 Blood Vessels. Vascular Diseases
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Student Research Committee
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور

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