Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Relationships of colorectal cancer with dietary factors and public health indicators: An ecological study

(2015) Relationships of colorectal cancer with dietary factors and public health indicators: An ecological study. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention.

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Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in Iranian women and fifth in men. The aims of this study were to investigate the relation of dietary factors and public health indicators to its development. Materials and Methods: The required information (2001-2006) about risk factors was obtained from the Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre (NCDSC) of Iran. Risk factor data (RFD) from 89,404 individuals (15-64 years old) were gathered by questionnaire and laboratory examinations through a cross sectional study in all provinces by systematic clustering sampling method. CRC incidence segregated by age and gender was obtained from Cancer Registry Ministry of Health (CRMH) of Iran. First, correlation coefficients were used for data analysis and then multiple regression analysis was performed to control for confounding factors. Results: Colorectal cancer incidence showed a positive relationship with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, lacking or low physical activity, high education, high intake of dairy products, and non-consumption of vegetables and fruits. Conclusions: We concluded that many dietary factors and public health indicators have positive relationships with CRC and might therefore be targets of preliminary prevention. However, since this is an ecological study limited by potential ecological fallacy the results must be interpreted with caution.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Keywords: adolescent; adult; Colorectal Neoplasms; cross-sectional study; diabetes mellitus; diet; ecology; female; follow up; health status indicator; human; hypertension; incidence; Iran; male; methodology; middle aged; prognosis; public health; questionnaire; risk factor; young adult, Adolescent; Adult; Colorectal Neoplasms; Cross-Sectional Studies; Diabetes Mellitus; Diet Surveys; Ecology; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Health Status Indicators; Humans; Hypertension; Incidence; Iran; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Public Health; Research Design; Risk Factors; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
Subjects: QZ Pathology > QZ 200-380 Neoplasms
WA Public Health > WA 900-950 Statistics. Surveys
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Social Determinants in Health Promotion Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4385

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