Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Preventive measures for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in healthcare workers; how high is the chance of transmission?

(2016) Preventive measures for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in healthcare workers; how high is the chance of transmission? Acta Medica Mediterranea.

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Abstract

Introduction: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal viral infection which can lead to nosocomial epidemics with high mortality rates. Two nosocomial transmissions were reported from two hospitals of Mashhad in the last 4 years. The aim of this study was to assess the role of preventive measures on disease prevention among Health Care Workers (HCWs) who are in contact with confirmed CCHF cases. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the infectious ward of a referral hospital in North-East of Iran. During 2009 to 2012 about 45 confirmed cases of CCHF were admitted to this hospital. 44 HCWs who had contact with these cases were included in this study. Participants were questioned regarding taking preventive measures including the use of gloves, gown, shield, mask, and shoe cover. Sera samples were also collected 2 months after the last CCHF case admission and were checked for anti-CCHF IgM and IgG. Results: All study participants had a history of close contact with confirmed CCHF patients. The contacts were due to daily visits and examination, suction of secretions, intubation, taking blood samples, administering drugs, contact with the patients' clothes, and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The adherence rate to universal precautions was fairly good and anti-CCHF IgM and IgG results were negative in all subjects. Conclusion: The findings of our study further prove that protective measures are highly effective in preventing CCHF transmission in HCWs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: immunoglobulin G antibody; immunoglobulin M antibody; ribavirin, adult; Article; blood sampling; clinical article; Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever; cross-sectional study; descriptive research; female; health care personnel; human; male; prophylaxis; protocol compliance; resuscitation; universal precaution; virus transmission
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > WC 680-950 Tropical and Parasitic Diseases
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4191

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