Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Bio-ecology of malaria vectors in an endemic area, Southeast of Iran

(2016) Bio-ecology of malaria vectors in an endemic area, Southeast of Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine.

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Objective: To determine some bio-ecological aspects of malaria vectors in Jask County, where is targeted for malaria elimination in the national program. Methods: Mosquitoes were collected monthly during 2013-2014 using different collection methods. Subsequently, ELISA test was used to detect the human blood index of mosquitoes. The susceptibility status of Anopheles stephensi was evaluated against the diagnostic dosages of seven WHO recommended insecticides. Results: A total of 3. 650 female and 4. 736 Anopheles larvae were collected including Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles culicifacies s.l., Anopheles dthali, Anopheles fluviatilis s.l., Anopheles moghulensis and Anopheles turkhodi species. Anopheles stephensi was the dominant collected species on human baits and indoors with high rate of unfed and gravid specimens in internal and external window traps. Human blood index was calculated as 14.3 for this species. It was also found to be resistant to DDT and Dieldrin. Conclusions: The collected species had a wide range of habitats, and resting behaviors. With regarding to the presence of most important malaria vectors in Jask, control of the disease may be so complicated; as based on the weather condition it can be transmitted during the whole year, expect for cold months. With this strong potential of transmission, existing population movements in the area may lead to imported cases of malaria and local outbreak(s). So, more specific studies on malaria vectors in high risk areas of Jask County are recommended. © 2016 Hainan Medical College.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 5
Keywords: chlorphenotane; dieldrin; insecticide, animal experiment; animal trapping; Anopheles; Anopheles culicifacies; Anopheles dthali; Anopheles fluviatilis; Anopheles moghulensis; Anopheles stephensi; Anopheles turkhodi; arthropod larva; Article; bio ecology; blood analysis; controlled study; disease carrier; ecology; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; female; insecticide resistance; Iran; malaria; malaria control; nonhuman; priority journal
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 670-847 Environmental Pollution. Sanitation
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور

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