Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Resistance of gram negative bacteria in hospital acquired pneumonia: A prospective study

(2016) Resistance of gram negative bacteria in hospital acquired pneumonia: A prospective study. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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Abstract

spital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP) is one of the most important acute complications that affects patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) developing mainly in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours with an incidence of 9–27%.1 2 It is commonly caused by species of the Enterobacteriaceae family, non-fermentative Gram-negative bacilli, and Staphylococcus aureus.3 4 The awareness of the HABP and antimicrobial resistance patterns are necessary to improve hospital infection control system, selecting appropriate empirical antibiotics, reducing duration of ICU admission, decreasing costs of hospitalization, application of effective methods for preventing and controlling of HABP and finally to reduce the mortality and morbidity rates in these patients. A cross-sectional study designed from January 2013 till January 2014 included all 16 patients admitted to the ICU with HABP requiring mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours in a general hospital in south of Iran were included. Samples were cultured on blood agar & EMB agar. Colony counts of more than 104 cfu/mL were considered positive. ....

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: amikacin; amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid; ampicillin; cefazolin; cefotaxime; ceftazidime; ceftriaxone; ciprofloxacin; cotrimoxazole; imipenem; antiinfective agent, Acinetobacter baumannii; antibiotic resistance; bacterial colonization; bacterium detection; bacterium isolate; colony forming unit; drug effect; hospital acquired pneumonia; human; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Letter; mortality; nonhuman; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; risk factor; antibiotic resistance; bacterial pneumonia; classification; cross-sectional study; drug effects; Gram negative bacterium; microbiology; prospective study, Anti-Bacterial Agents; Cross-Sectional Studies; Drug Resistance, Bacterial; Gram-Negative Bacteria; Humans; Pneumonia, Bacterial; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > WC 195-425 Infection. Bacterial Infections
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Molecular Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4148

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