Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

A review on lung cancer

(2016) A review on lung cancer. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences.

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Abstract

Cancer is known as a disease in which cells divide abnormally. They can involve various parts of the body. Many people annually die due to cancer. Yet, there are several reasons for the emergence of this disease. Cancer costs so much for society and patients in economic and social terms. Lung cancer malignity is known as the main morality factor related to cancer. Lung cancer is divided into various types. Among them, Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma have the highest rate of prevalence. This malignity may be due to a variety of reasons. Generally, they are reported into groups including environmental factors (e.g. life style and cigarette) and genetic factors. Among the symptoms of the disease, followings can be implied: Cough, chest pain, hoarseness due to the involvement of laryngeal nerve, whizzing in breath, respiratory distress, various syndromes like Horner, Pancoast's syndrome, Superior vena cava syndrome, Paraneoplastic syndrome, fingers Clubbing, headache and lymph nodes involvement, sweating, weight loss, etc. This disease can be diagnosed in different ways. The most elementary methods can be exploited; for example, preparing an appropriate medical history of the patient regarding his life style and coping with risk factors as well as examining symptoms. Other methods like examining biomarkers, imaging and/or biopsy are also used. CT scan is known as the most important imaging tool used for examining lung cancer. Similarly, there are a variety of treatments for this disease. They can be done in terms of medical therapies and/or surgery. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also applied depending on the trend of the disease and physician diagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Keywords: antineoplastic agent, Article; cancer chemotherapy; cancer diagnosis; cancer mortality; cancer prognosis; cancer radiotherapy; cancer risk; cancer screening; cancer surgery; clinical feature; differential diagnosis; disease severity; epidemiological data; human; lung cancer; lung carcinogenesis; quality of life; treatment indication
Subjects: QZ Pathology > QZ 200-380 Neoplasms
WF Respiratory System > WF 140-900 Diseases of the Respiratory System
Divisions: Education Vice-Chancellor Department > Faculty of Medicine > Departments of Clinical Sciences > Department of Surgery
Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Student Research Committee
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4117

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