Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Psychopharmacology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Effects and side effects

(2016) Psychopharmacology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: Effects and side effects. Current Pharmaceutical Design.

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Abstract

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children which manifests with hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Several drugs are used in treatment of ADHD. Stimu-lants, atomoxetine, anti-depressants, and bupropion are common medications used in the treatment of ADHD. Hamidreza Mahboobi Stimulants are widely used as the first line treatment in children with ADHD. Their mechanism of action is the release of dopamine and norepinephrine in central nervous system. Methylphenidate is the most common stimulant used for the treatment of ADHD. Methylphenidate significantly reduces ADHD symptoms in children both at home and school and improves their social skills. Methylphenidate is safe in healthy children and has shown to have no cardiac side effects in these patients. Other medications include: Atomoxetine, Amphetamines, Clonidine, Melatonin, and anti-depressants. Effects, side effects, and mechanism of action these drugs have been discussed in this paper. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 11
Keywords: amfebutamone; amphetamine derivative; antidepressant agent; atomoxetine; clonidine; melatonin; methylphenidate; methylphenidate, Article; attention deficit disorder; drug effect; human; priority journal; psychopharmacology; social adaptation; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; psychopharmacology, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity; Humans; Methylphenidate; Psychopharmacology
Subjects: WM Psychiatry > WM 140-197 Mental Disorders. Behavioral Symptoms
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center
Depositing User: مهندس هدی فهیم پور
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4103

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