Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Effect of Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior and Reduced Water Pipe smoking among Women above 15 (yrs.) in Bandar Abbas

(2015) Effect of Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior and Reduced Water Pipe smoking among Women above 15 (yrs.) in Bandar Abbas. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

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Abstract

Introduction: Smoking water pipes is becoming increasingly popular among families, youths and teenagers especially women. It is considered as a new challenge to public health. The present study aims to determine the effectiveness of an instructional program based on the theory of planned behavior in cutting down on water pipe smoking among women aged above 15 in Bandar Abbas in 2015. Methodology: In this semi-empirical research, 128 women above 15 years of age who smoked water pipes at least once a day were selected in a multi-stage clustering sampling method. They were divided into two groups: a control and a treatment group. The data were gathered using a reliable and valid questionnaire based on the sub-constructs of the theory of planned behavior as well as the demographic information. The participants filled out the questionnaires before the instructional intervention. The intervention was conducted according to the results of the pre-test for the treatment group within 4 sessions. They were followed up for 2 months after the intervention. Then, the subjects responded to the questionnaires once more. Finally, the collected data were analyzed using independent sample t-test, matched t-test and chi-squared test. The significance level was set at .05. Findings: The results of the present study revealed a significant divergence between the mean scores of the following variables in the two groups: attitude, behavior intention, subjective norms and perceived behavior control (p≤.05). Moreover, the frequency of waterpipe smoking among the female participants of the treatment group was significantly reduced as compared to the control group (p≤.05). Conclusion: The findings of this research indicated that designing an instructional intervention based on the theory of planned behavior can act as an effective strategy in reducing the rate of smoking water pipes among women.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: women, water pipe, theory of planned behavior, instruction
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 300-395 Health Issues of Special Population Groups
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات بهداشت مادر و کودک
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3430

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