Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence and Causes of Neonatal Mortality in Hormozgan Province, Southern Iran

(2017) Prevalence and Causes of Neonatal Mortality in Hormozgan Province, Southern Iran. inter national journal of pediatrics.

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Abstract

Infant health care should be one of the first and most important tasks of every nation and one of the main programs of any government, because children, as a vulnerable group, have a special place in health services (1); and the rate of neonatal mortality is one of the important indicators of development and health in the countries (2). Approximately, out of 130 million children born each year, about 4 million had died in the first 28 days of life worldwide, around 75% of death occurs in the first seven days of life, and 25% occurs in the first 24 hours of life (3). It is necessary to identify the causes of mortality in each country or regions of a country in order to minimize the problems of these plans (4-6). Hormozgan province is located in the southern Iran (5) (Figure.1). This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted by census method, and in this study, all cases of neonatal deaths and births were evaluated based on the vital horoscope in health centers in Hormozgan province between 2014 and 2015. The required information was manually extracted and collected from the vital horoscope and was analyzed using percentages and rates. Based on the findings, the number of live births in 2014 and 2015 was 39,627 and 41,575, respectively. The number of neonatal deaths in 2014 was 12.5%, while it was 10.5% in 2015. According to the neonatal mortality rate, from 437 neonatal deaths in 2015, the highest neonatal mortality rate occurred in urban population (49.7%), and main rural (39.8%); also the most deaths occurred in the hospital (93.8%), which was about 4% less than neonatal deaths out of the hospital.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Children, Iran, Mortality Rate Neonate, Prevalence.
Subjects: WQ Obstetrics > WQ 215-270 Pregnancy Complications
WQ Obstetrics > WQ 500-505 Postpartum Period
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Mother and Child Welfare Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات بهداشت مادر و کودک
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3385

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