Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

The Prevalence of Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Among the Volunteers for Marriage Referred to the Health Center of Bandar Abbas in 2015

(2016) The Prevalence of Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Among the Volunteers for Marriage Referred to the Health Center of Bandar Abbas in 2015. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: Introduction: HIV is made by viral RNA that attacks to lymphocyte cells. The interval between entering virus to body and symptoms of disease varied between different people. The affected patients are died because of catching opportunistic infections and cancers. The aim of this research was studying the prevalence of HIV in volunteers’ couples who were coming to Health Care center in Bandar Abbas in 2015. Methodology: 600 couples in Bandar Abbas Health Care center was analyzed by cross – sectional approach in 2015. First, all the couples are notices about HIV, the way of catching and transferring of it, the consequences of this disease, then all of them is evaluated by a questionnaire intentionally. The blood samples for HIV test were taken. The results were analyzed by SPSS software and p < 0.05 was significant. Results: among 600 participants, 15 participants (2.5%) was used drug including 10 men (66.66%) and five women (33.33%). The average age of population was 25.4 6.45 and average age of addicted people was 35.78 16.13 (the average age of men was 39.36 16.26 and average age of women was 22.66 6.42). 2 of them (13.33%) were used drugs orally and injecting (2 men and 0 women) and 13 of them (86.66%) were not injecting drug users(IDUs) (40% orally and inhaling, 20% orally and 26.66% inhaling), 1 person (6.66%) just used drug for some days, 3 persons (20%) for some months and 11 persons (73.33%) for several years. 6 participants (1%) with average age 30.5 4.65 had sentenced to prison and all of them were men. 2 of them (33.33%) sentenced less than 6 months and four of them (66.66%) spent more than 1 year in prison. 4 of them used drug (66.66%) and 1 of them (25%) used drug orally and injecting that he had used common syringe in jail. The others were not IDUs. 57 person (9.5%) with average 31.01 11.09 experienced sexual contact before marriage including 36 men (63.15%) with average of 32.5 11.83 and 21 women (36.84%) with average of 82.64 9.38. 32 persons had protective sexual contact such as using condom (19 men (59.37%) and 13 women (40.62%).248 persons had possible risk factors such as tattoo, traveling to abroad, injection of blood, surgery and diseases like thalassemia or hemophilia or sickle cell, or history of needle stick in hospital. There were significant relation between drug abuse and sex, age and education level and previous marriage condition, while there were no significant relation between drug abuse and job and monthly income. There was a significant relation between drug abuse and sentencing to prison but there was not a significant relation between IDU and time of sentencing to prison. There were significant relation between sexual contact before marriage with age, sex(male), previous marriage condition and drug abuse while there were not significant relation with education, job and monthly income. There is a significant relation between protective sexual contact before marriage with age and level of education, however, no significant relation was seen between monthly income and jobs. ELISA test was used to evaluate the HIV Ab and all the results were negative. Discussion and Conclusion: The findings showed that HIV is prevalent in high-risk and core groups and the rate of prevalence in normal population was less than 1%. Regarding to high prevalence of risk factors among people, it is suggested in order to prevent the prevalence of HIV by sexual contact, all couples examine by HIV Test before marriage.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: AIDS, HIV, ELISA, Virus, Infection.
Subjects: microbiology
infectious diseases
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center
Depositing User: مركز تحقيقات بيماريهاي عفوني
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1122

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