Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Investigating the Reasons of Preterm Labor among Visitors of Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas during 2012 and 2013.

(2015) Investigating the Reasons of Preterm Labor among Visitors of Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas during 2012 and 2013. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences.

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Abstract

Preterm labor is a type of delivery occurring prior to 37 weeks of pregnancy completed. The side effects of preterm labor account for the highest rate of infant mortality. According to the body of previous research, about 11% of all deliveries lead to the birth of premature babies. Since there is no solution for preventing preterm childbirth, knowing the effective factors involved in it helps to prevent this problem which causes a high rate of mortality among newly-born babies. Therefore, the present research seeks to investigate the underlying causes of prevalent preterm labor among women who visited Shariati hospital in Bandar Abbas in 2012 to 2013. The present experimental research was conducted through investigating the data registered in the medical files of 1,700 pregnant women who visited Shariati hospital in Bandar Abbas during 2012 and 2013. 897 pregnant women who had a preterm labor were selected in a census and assigned to the treatment group. 803 cases of term labor were selected randomly and acted as the control group. A checklist containing demographic information as well as information about preterm labor and its risk factors was used to collect the data. SPSS19 was used to analyze the data as well as t-test, chi-squared test and Mann-Whitney U-test. Significance level was set at ≤.05. From the investigations, the prevalence of preterm labor was estimated to be 7%. As for the risk factors significant correlations were found for: pre-eclampsia, diabetes, amniotic fluid disorders, placental abruption, preterm labor pain, cervical failure, number of babies in current pregnancy, type of pregnancy, intrauterine growth restriction, presentation, systemic disease, history of intrauterine fetal death, preterm rupture of membranes, uterine anomaly and placenta previa. On the other hand, no significant correlation was found between such factors as the history of abortion, number of pregnancy, mother’s age, infant’s sex, blood type, recurrent miscarriage and intrauterine fetal death. The chance of preterm labor rises along with cervical failure, preeclampsia, amniotic fluid disorder, IVF, multiple pregnancy and intrauterine growth restriction. Recognizing the risk factors and raising mothers’ cooperation and awareness can help to reduce the rate of preterm labor

Item Type: Article
Keywords: preterm labor, amniotic fluid disorders, preeclampsia, preterm rupture of membranes, Bandar Abbas.
Subjects: obstetrics and gynecology
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Molecular Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات پزشکی مولکولی
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1115

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