Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of HIV infection among Qeshm Island population in 2013-2014, Iran

(2015) Prevalence of HIV infection among Qeshm Island population in 2013-2014, Iran. Journal of Medicine and Life.

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Abstract

dysfunction caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Immune deficiency caused by HIV, leads to opportunistic infections and finally the progression of the infections cause the patient’s death. That is why we decided to realize this study, in order to evaluate the prevalence of HIV among the Qeshm Island inhabitants. Materials and Method. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1500 subjects. The sampling method was the stratify-cluster combination. Ten head-clusters were randomly selected from each center and samples were collected from within the blocks. After completing the questionnaire, including demographic the data and risk factors, blood samples were drawn from the brachial vein. The prevalence of HIV-Ab was assessed by ELISA method. Finally, the statistical analyses were performed by using the Statistical Program for Social Sciences software (SPSS) system version 16.0. The data were analyzed by Chi-square and descriptive statistical tests. Results. The overall prevalence of HIV infection was zero. Of the participants in this study, 511 (34.1%) were men and 989 (65.9%) were women. The average age was 32.6 years. 88% and 12% of the individuals were married and single, respectively. The education level of most subjects (66%) was the degree diploma. In terms of location, most of the subjects (75.2%) lived in the rural area. 136 (7.9%) had a history of travelling abroad and none of the subjects did not report a history of running away from home. Conclusion. The majority of the subjects lived in the rural area and were married women with high school education. Although there were subjects who had a history of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or tattoos, HIV prevalence was zero. This gives hope to the health of our society in terms of HIV disease.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: epidemiology, HIV infections, Qeshm
Subjects: epidemiology
virology
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Molecular Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات پزشکی مولکولی
URI: http://eprints.hums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1080

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