Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of Hepatitis B infection among Qeshm Island population in 2013-2014, Iran

(2015) Prevalence of Hepatitis B infection among Qeshm Island population in 2013-2014, Iran. Journal of Medicine and Life.

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Abstract Introduction: About 1/ 3 of the world population (2 billion) suffers from HBV infection. 15 to 40% of Hepatitis B cases develop into chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Considering the dangerous complication of the disease and the fact that the prevalence is different in various areas of the country, this study was conducted with the purpose of determining the prevalence of the Hepatitis B among Qeshm Island population. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1500 subjects. The sampling method was the stratify-cluster combination. After completing the checklist, including the demographic data and risk factors, blood samples were drawn. The prevalence of HBsAg was assessed by ELISA method. Finally, the statistical analyses were performed by using the Statistical Program for Social Sciences software (SPSS) system version 16.0. The data were analyzed by Chi-square and descriptive statistical tests. Result: The overall prevalence of HBsAg positivity was 1%, 0.8%, and 1.1% among men and women, respectively. The mean age of participants was 30.07 years. Infection was more prevalent in married persons, students, lower than in 15-years-old educated people and persons who had a history of vaccination and transfusion. The prevalence of Hepatitis B in people who had a history of sex and substance infusion was zero. Finally, the results of the study showed that none of the investigated factors was related to the prevalence of HBsAg. Conclusion: It seems that the prevalence of HBV infection in Qeshm is slightly lower than that of the nation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hepatitis B, Qeshm
Subjects: virology
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Molecular Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: مرکز تحقیقات پزشکی مولکولی

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